Factorio Nuclear Reactor Thoughts

Factorio Nuclear Reactors

Fac­to­rio Nuclear Reac­tors

Fac­to­rio Nuclear Reac­tors are a new pow­er source in Fac­to­rio 0.15.  For those that have played Fac­to­rio, late game setups have includ­ed either thou­sands of steam engi­nes or tens of thou­sands of solar pan­els.  This ends up tak­ing both sig­nif­i­cant pro­duc­tion and sig­nif­i­cant game world space.  While mass pro­duc­tion is part of the game, the space tak­en by the pow­er sys­tem often dwarfs by orders of mag­ni­tude the oth­er game activ­i­ty.

With 2 off­shore pumps,20 steam boil­ers, and 40 steam engi­nes, and a big belt of coal you can get neigh 60 megawatts. As you can see on the left, here, It’s a pret­ty large setup. It’s enough, gen­er­al­ly, for the first stage of the game… upto mak­ing all the potions, but it starts get­ting dicey at that point. You cer­tain­ly want to also be using coal for smelt­ing as this will not provide that lev­el of pow­er.

Factorio Max 2 Pump Steam Setup

Fac­to­rio Max 2 Pump Steam Setup

A sim­i­lar setup with Solar Pan­els would already be sev­er­al times larg­er (and would con­sume bat­ter­ies and steel to a much greater extent).

My sim­ple Fac­to­rio Nuclear Reac­tor setup (shown above) pro­vides 40 MW with one Reac­tor, 160 MW with two, 280 MW with three and 480 MW with four Reac­tors con­fig­ured.  I rec­om­mend shoot­ing for the two reac­tor setup to start because the bonus­es are just so high.

But… I’m jump­ing ahead of myself.  You need to get there from the start of your game.  You can’t even mine Ura­ni­um until you have a source of Sul­fu­ric Acid.

In the last few attempts at 0.15 Fac­to­rio, I’ve found that one trick is to start min­ing ura­ni­um as soon as you have Sul­phuric Acid.  There is often a patch that will be cov­ered by one or two min­ers near your spawn and I run that into a chest.

Factorio Uranium Mining Setup

Fac­to­rio Ura­ni­um Min­ing Setup

When you get Fac­to­rio Nuclear, you’ll have sev­er­al thou­sand ura­ni­um ore saved up.  Fac­to­rio Nuclear takes an enor­mous amount of research with all five non-com­bat potions.  As soon as I get Fac­to­rio Nuclear, I make six cen­trifuges.  Make sure you have con­crete ear­ly on.  Each Cen­trifuge takes 100 cement.

DO NOT setup your fuel rod fac­to­ry yet.  If you did this as soon as pos­si­ble (I only research logis­tic chests first), it will be awhile before you  are going to deploy your first reac­tor.  For the Koravex process, you’ll want to have 40 U235 on hand.  When you get this, put it into your inven­to­ry so that it is not used.  U235 in excess of 40 can then be used in a fuel rod fac­to­ry.

Factorio Big Uranium Mining Setup

Fac­to­rio Big Ura­ni­um Min­ing Setup

If you have anoth­er, larg­er patch of ura­ni­um to mine (sev­er­al mil­lion in yield) and if you can setup a train with a sin­gle tank car (or a very long pipeline) to ser­vice it, the­se six Cen­trifuges will be enough to run at least 2 reac­tors until that ore patch runs out.  With two reac­tors you need one fuel rod every 100 sec­onds and every U235 gen­er­ates 10 fuel rods.  So you need one U235 every 1000 sec­onds which is rough­ly 4 per hour.  This setup does make more than that from expe­ri­ence.

Look­ing at my larg­er min­ing setup, you can see two trains.  With Fac­to­rio 0.15, you have Flu­id wag­ons avail­able. I only put one flu­id wag­on on this train as it has the capac­i­ty of about 2 stor­age tanks and it’s plen­ty. Any more would even more seri­ous­ly stress your sys­tem. Over the life­time of this ore patch, I think the train made 3 or 4 trips. Sim­i­lar­ly two car­go wag­ons is more than plen­ty to keep the 6 cen­trifuges busy.

It’s also worth not­ing that this patch will be exhaust­ed before 25 hours of game­play and it only pro­duced about 100 total U235 by the straight cen­trifuge method.  This is why the Kovarex process is so impor­tant.  The oth­er result of this min­ing is about 14k (remain­ing) U238, and for every 5 of the­se, the Kovarex process will pro­duce anoth­er U235.

Now for your 40 U235 (that you siphoned off into your inven­to­ry as soon as you had them, above).  After your reac­tor has been run­ning for some time, and after you’ve siphoned off your 40 U235, but before your Ura­ni­um ore patch runs out (by a wide mar­gin … sev­er­al game hours), research the Kovarex process.  The Kovarex process is just as expen­sive as Fac­to­rio Nuclear to begin with, but the pay­off here is huge.  The Kovarex process is mas­sive­ly more impor­tant than fuel recy­cling.  The Kovarex process in this setup will pro­duce 1 U235 every 25 sec­onds.  Fuel recy­cling will only net you 3 extra U238 every reac­tor cycle.

Factorio Nuclear Kovarex Setup

Fac­to­rio Nuclear Kovarex Setup

In the image to the left, both cen­trifuges are set to Kor­vax.  The top chest is request­ing 200 U238.  The Kovarex pro­ces requires 40 U235 and 5 U238 and pro­duces 40 U235 in 50 sec­onds.

I usu­al­ly set up the first centrifuge’s insert­ers and leave the 2nd cen­trifuge idle.  The mid­dle insert­er is set to move from the bot­tom chest to the top if the top has less than 40 U235 in it.  The insert below that moves from the bot­tom chest to the provider chest when there are more than 39 U235 in the top chest.  Like all build­ings, the cen­trifuges will take up to dou­ble their inputs.  When the first is get­ting to about 60 (it will top out at 80-ish) then I put the insert­ers point­ing at the 2nd Cen­trifuge.

200 U235 is an embar­rass­ment of rich­es, but between the two of them, they will con­sume 10 U238 and pro­duce 2 U235 every 50 sec­onds.  Since each U235 pro­duces 10 fuel rods, This will pow­er upto 80 Fac­to­rio Reac­tors.  You can also let your Ura­ni­um ore patch run out as it will now be a long time before you require more.  You prob­a­bly don’t need two cen­trifuges here (unless you have more than 40 reac­tors run­ning), but it’s com­pact, cheap and pleas­ant­ly sym­met­ri­cal.

Factorio Nuclear Reactors

Factorio Nuclear Reactors

Fac­to­rio Nuclear Reac­tors

So you’ve start­ed ura­ni­um min­ing.  Awhile ago you got the Fac­to­rio Nuclear tech­nol­o­gy and you’ve refined enough ura­ni­um to start.  How much?  If you can refine an extra 10 U235 above the 40 required for Koravex, that will be 100 fuel rods.  Enough for 1 2/3 hours of two reac­tors oper­at­ing.  A this point in your game, you can prob­a­bly use the 160 odd megawatts that this will pump out for you.  If you have six cen­trifuges going and filled with incom­ing ore, then you should be able to oper­ate two reac­tors while you wait to research and imple­ment Koravex.

Now… below this para­graph, I’m going to insert a large pic­ture that is the setup of the Fac­to­rio Nuclear Reac­tors in my cur­rent game.  I start­ed oper­a­tion with 2 reac­tors and 16 heat exchang­ers attached to two off­shore pumps.  Each off­shore pump can han­dle up to 10 heat exchang­ers.  As I added the third reac­tor, I added 2 heat exchang­ers to each of the two groups to make 10 and added one extra group of 10.  That is what you see.

Factorio Nuclear Setup

Fac­to­rio Nuclear Setup

If you’re sharp-eyed, you notice that I have stor­age tanks in the bot­tom row.  They off­set the tur­bines by two squares, but at 3 squares wide, they fit right in.  We’ll dis­cuss those in a sec­ond.

You’ve prob­a­bly already read about the Fac­to­rio Nuclear Reac­tor adja­cen­cy bonus.  Sim­ply put, each reac­tor square­ly lined up with anoth­er fueled and active reac­tor pro­duces a bonus reac­tor.  One reac­tor by itself is one reac­tor: 40 MW.  Two reac­tors side-by-side are equiv­a­lent to four.  That is: each reac­tor has one adja­cent reac­tor, so each reac­tor is worth 2 reac­tors… so 160MW.  Above, of the three reac­tors, one is adja­cent to 2, so it’s worth 3 and the oth­er 2 reac­tors are worth 2 each for a total of 7 or 280 MW.  For four reac­tors in a square (my next upgrade), each reac­tor has two adja­cent (diag­o­nals do not count), so each reac­tor is worth 3 for a total of 12 or 480 MW.

When I upgrade to a  fourth Fac­to­rio Nuclear Reac­tor, I will top that up with 2 more groups of 10 tur­bines and 2 more off­sore pumps.

Ten?” You Say…

Ten?” you say, “isn’t that too many?”  Yes, but there is a rea­son.  You can store hot steam.  A stan­dard stor­age tank stores 25k steam.  The stan­dard tur­bines will run at 5.8 megawatts while the heat exchang­ers will only provide 10 megawatts (5 for each tur­bine).

When your pow­er sys­tem is run­ning at less than full tilt, it can fill up the stor­age tanks.  The extra 1.6 megawatts the two tur­bines on each heat exchang­er can han­dle means 16 extra megawatts per group of 10 for as long as 20 min­utes.  Not a bad stor­age sys­tem… or thought of anoth­er way: not a bad emer­gen­cy pow­er sys­tem!

Last­ly, it’s a good idea to cable the stor­age tanks togeth­er and put an alarm on them.  It’s good to know when you need more pow­er and you’ll know when the amount of stored steam drops.  Ten tanks store 250k.  I alarm at 200k — so 5 min­utes into my 20 min­ute over­age.

What Does Running Out of Power Look Like?

Fac­to­rio Nuclear Reac­tors heat up to 1000°C.  In Fac­to­rio (at least for now), they don’t explode, but at 1000°C, you’re prob­a­bly wast­ing some pow­er.  Wast­ing any­thing seems anti­thet­i­cal to most types of Fac­to­rio play­ers, but you have few options with Fac­to­rio Nuclear Pow­er.  At the moment, steam tur­bines have the same pow­er pri­or­i­ty as steam engi­nes, so the only com­ple­men­tary pow­er source is Solar, but even with Solar pow­er, your accu­mu­la­tors are going to make it dif­fi­cult, if not impos­si­ble, to com­plete­ly effec­tive­ly run only a base load on Nuclear.

Any­where above 500°C, heat exchang­ers will be able pro­duce their 10MW of pow­er.  Like the steam engi­nes and boil­er, when pow­er is not required, the tur­bines will use less steam and as steam backs up, the heat exchang­ers will con­sume less heat.  Unlike the coal-steam sys­tem, how­ev­er, the reac­tors con­sume a con­stant amount of fuel.

Two things come out of this.  One is that the reac­tor and heat­pipe sys­tem have a “heat capac­i­ty.”  This is what gov­erns the time it takes for the reac­tor sys­tem to “start up” and this con­tains some amount of pow­er as heat over 500°C.  The oth­er is that mon­i­tor­ing the tem­per­a­ture of the reactor(s) will give you some idea of your pow­er sit­u­a­tion.  A falling tem­per­a­ture means you’re dip­ping into your “emer­gen­cy” pow­er and a ris­ing tem­per­a­ture means you’re using less pow­er than you’re cre­at­ing.

If your reac­tor (or, more like­ly, your fur­thest away heat exchang­ers) fall below 500°C, they will stop pro­duc­ing steam.  In turn your tur­bines will spin down.  Since they aren’t using pow­er, they should short­ly recov­er when heat from the reac­tor puts them back over 500°C.

If you took the last section’s advice and used stor­age tanks, as the tur­bines stopped, the vol­ume in the tanks were decrease.  This can be rout­ed to a map-wide alarm.  The advan­tage here is that you have rough­ly 15 min­utes of peak pro­duc­tion to sur­vive that biter inva­sion and solve the pow­er prob­lem.

The Grand Table of Factorio Nuclear Reactor Numbers

Keep in mind that I slight­ly over pro­vi­sion each lev­el to keep things sym­met­ric.  The­se are my build num­bers:

Reac­tors Effec­tive Reac­tors Reac­tor Pow­er Emer­gen­cy Pow­er Heat Echang­ers Tur­bines Water Pumps
1 1 40 46.4 4 8 1
2 4 160 185.6 16 32 2
3 7 280 348.0 30 60 3
4 12 480 580.0 50 100 5

The opti­mal num­ber of heat exchang­ers for 3 reac­tors is 28 and for 4 reac­tors 48.  I round up to 30 and 50.  It looks nice and it has slight­ly more emer­gen­cy pow­er, too. I haven’t cre­at­ed a need for more than 4 Fac­to­rio Nuclear Reac­tors yet.  If I did, I’d be strong­ly tempt­ed to cre­ate a sec­ond sep­a­rate instal­la­tion.  This has more redun­dan­cy and resilien­cy in the case of attack.  Com­bined, that’s almost a gigawatt of pow­er.

May­be the grand take-away is that rough­ly 4 heat exchang­ers per effec­tive reac­tor are “cor­rect.”  Off­shore pumps group those heat exchang­ers into rough­ly groups of 10.  Weath­er you take the extra 0.8 megawatts per tur­bine as extra emer­gen­cy pow­er based on sys­tem heat soak or you have stor­age tanks for your steam, I think that emer­gen­cy pow­er is the bet­ter use.  Those who try to find opti­mal ratios that use all of this amount are some­what mis­tak­en.  Tur­bines are cheap, after all.

Hap­py Fac­to­ri­o­ing.

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The Social Inequity of Keurig and Other Cartridge Systems

I’ve been try­ing to decide what it is that so annoys me about the Keurig and oth­er Car­tridge Sys­tems.  At first, one could eas­i­ly decry the Keurig for envi­ron­men­tal waste.  Given their mar­ket, how­ev­er, it was inevitable that they would mit­i­gate this prob­lem.  Too many crunchy-gra­nola types like their fan­cy cof­fee or tea.

Social Coffee

Social Cof­fee

The prob­lem with Keurig has been hov­er­ing around the periph­ery of my  mind for ages… just out of reach.  I saw a car­tridge based bread mak­er for sale in a fly­er some time ago, and still draw upon it as an exam­ple of what is wrong with soci­ety.  I see restau­rants serv­ing Keurig and I fur­ther decry the demise of life as we know it.

But what is wrong here.  At first blush, it seems to be a solu­tion look­ing for a prob­lem.  It’s cer­tain­ly not dif­fi­cult to make cof­fee.  Even the dif­fer­ence between mak­ing bread, oper­at­ing a tra­di­tion­al bread-mak­er and using the car­tridge-based bread mak­er are not that large.

Car­tridge based cof­fee sys­tems were becom­ing pop­u­lar in offices more than 10 years ago.  If any­thing, Keurig took it’s sweet time to appear as a con­sumer pro­duct.  Even before that, cof­fee machi­nes man­u­fac­tured swill to order.  If any­thing, the car­tridge-based sys­tems should be hailed as a step up from those efforts.

If you haven’t yet guess from the title, my the­sis is that the real cost is social, not envi­ron­men­tal.  Cof­fee is a social bev­er­age.  If I put on a pot of cof­fee, I am pro­vid­ing a ser­vice to the rest of the office while ful­fill­ing my own need.  From the pot, I can pour sev­er­al cups of cof­fee and enjoy a moment with oth­er peo­ple shar­ing cof­fee.  Even those who drink tea are com­ing to the same area.  I don’t live in Eng­land, but I sus­pect some bet­ter work estab­lish­ments must have a com­mu­nal pot of tea around.

But the Keurig would have me self­ish­ly make my own cup of cof­fee — to not share with any­one.  The time it takes the Keurig to brew, while short, pre­cludes the inter­ac­tion over the fresh hot bev­er­age as I will move on after get­ting my cup of joe — not want­i­ng to appear lazy by wait­ing for a coworker’s cup to brew.  Most impor­tant­ly, Keurig denies me the sim­ple plea­sure of mak­ing a pot of cof­fee for oth­er peo­ple.

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Seats, Feet and Righteous Indignation — Judgemental Treatment of Others is Unjust

I haven’t been com­pelled to write some­thing in awhile, but this pic­ture and the accom­pa­ny­ing sto­ry at the star moti­vat­ed me. From the arti­cle, it seems it’s gone quite viral.  It seems top­i­cal in ref­er­ence to my last arti­cle “Life is not Fair.”  Here we have a wom­an (the arti­cle fur­ther points out a “white” wom­an) impos­ing her views on shared eti­quet­te on a man (the arti­cle points out a man of non-white skin) with right­eous indig­na­tion.  This is ever-so-exact­ly the type of Fair­ness Nazi that I was annoyed with.

Feet On Her Seat, Righteous Indignation

Feet On Her Seat, Right­eous Indig­na­tion

To both inform and save you from the details, the arti­cle and atten­dant viral video, so a young man with his feet on the seat of a appar­ent­ly most­ly emp­ty sub­way car in Toron­to.  Enter a wom­an who sees this and decides to “teach him a lesson” by sit­ting on his feet.  Then this all esca­lates.  He push­es, she press­es the pan­ic stop for the train, secu­ri­ty comes.  Enter­tain­ment for the mass­es and appar­ent­ly val­i­da­tion of right­eous indig­na­tion and judge­ment for some who view it.

It’s not that she may not have a point (she may).  It’s also not that the pow­er dynam­ic may­be skewed (it may).  There’s a prin­ci­ple here.  Tak­ing from my Chris­tian back­ground (and I“m not well versed enough to know how ubiq­ui­tous this con­cept is, but I choose to believe that it is shared), Jesus teach­es that it is not our place to judge. Con­tin­ue read­ing

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Life is not Fair

Life is Not Fair

Life is Not Fair

Humans have a strong sense of fair­ness. To be fair is to be in bal­ance with one’s fel­low humans. Like any met­ric involv­ing humans, how­ev­er, fair­ness suf­fers from hav­ing too much just as much as hav­ing too lit­tle.

To lit­tle real fair­ness exists in the world at large. Protests, vio­lence, injury and death mark the chasm between black and white, rich and poor, man and wom­an, priv­i­leged and com­mon. It can accu­rate­ly be said that life, tak­en in aggre­gate, is more unfair now than at any time in human his­to­ry.

But this arti­cle aims to talk about the issue of too much fair­ness or being fair when it is uncalled-for.  This is the point where peo­ple look at their fel­low human and want to take an action to make things incre­men­tal­ly more fair between them.  Said this way, it seems like med­dling.

In defense of my the­sis, I’m not writ­ing about a protest to change a company’s poli­cies towards groups of peo­ple.  We must protest for fair­ness among large groups of peo­ple.  It is fun­da­men­tal to our health as a soci­ety that we con­tin­ue to cor­rect the­se issues.  Rather I’m con­sid­er­ing the urge, in humans, to change sin­gu­lar oth­er humans’ behav­ior. Con­tin­ue read­ing

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Day Break Mill: Searching for Red Fife Wheat…

Day Break Mill

Day Break Mill

I’ve been search­ing online for places to buy Red Fife flour and my search lead me to the page of Day Break Mill.  I imme­di­ate­ly hit the “con­tact us” but­ton so that I could deter­mine where they were.  While I get the pic­ture: it’s in Saskatchewan, still.. did some­one think this was a good con­fig­u­ra­tion for the google wid­get?

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SlowCooker: Pulled Pork: Sauce Made of Sauces.

Pulled Pork Almost Done

Pulled Pork Almost Done

I was leaf­ing through recipe ideas the oth­er day and came across Pulled Pork for the Slow­Cook­er.  The slow­cook­er is great for soups and stews and I always enjoy find­ing anoth­er recipe for it.  Pulled pork is tra­di­tion­al­ly a south­ern bar­be­que dish where an oth­er­wise tough cut of pork is slow­ly cooked in var­i­ous juices until ten­der and then ripped apart or “pulled.”

In our case, we had a pork loin (not nor­mal­ly a can­di­date) that was mod­er­ate­ly freez­er burnt (per­fect).  The long cook­ing and hydra­tion of the sauce com­pen­sat­ed per­fect­ly for the freez­er burn. Con­tin­ue read­ing

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Truthiness: of Rights and Wrongs

Truthiness feels good

Truthi­ness feels good!

Truthi­ness.  I love this word.  It encap­su­lates all that is wrong with the Amer­i­can Reli­gious Right.  I’ve been think­ing around how to talk about this scourge and received insight from a com­mon (for me) source: The Econ­o­mist has a book review of “The Bat­tle for Yel­low­stone” by Justin Far­rell. The essence of this book, accord­ing to the review (I real­ly need to read the book), is to talk about the prob­lems with pol­i­tics in Amer­i­ca with­out actu­al­ly talk­ing about pol­i­tics in Amer­i­ca.

It is absolute­ly true that the best ways to talk about a dif­fi­cult top­ic is by talk­ing about some­thing else entire­ly.  I’m not just talk­ing about avoid­ance (a viable strat­e­gy — a head in the sand is worth two in the bush), but about the sub­sti­tu­tion inher­ent in most good fic­tion and espe­cial­ly sci­ence fic­tion.

The book, accord­ing to the econ­o­mist, dis­cuss­es how each group in the vari­ety of dis­putes sur­round­ing Yel­low­stone frame their argu­ment as truth again­st false­hoods while they are real­ly argu­ing moral right ver­sus moral wrong.  The Wikipedia arti­cle on Truthi­ness echos this point where Col­bert (wide­ly con­sid­ered to have coined the term in com­mon usage) dis­cuss­es the way each fac­tion desires to bring it’s own facts to the polit­i­cal debate, rather than all fac­tions argu­ing the cor­rect action again­st an accept­ed set of facts.

I had actu­al­ly cho­sen the word Truthi­ness before I had read the Col­bert quotes and cog­i­tat­ed on how they meshed with the the­me.  I’ve been cog­i­tat­ing for some time on the inap­pro­pri­ate­ness of Truthi­ness.  I see the prob­lems: that things have become com­plex enough; so far beyond most people’s edu­ca­tion and expe­ri­ence that they are eas­i­ly duped by those who would manip­u­late their views.  The prob­lem is not that some peo­ple will attempt to manip­u­late oth­er peo­ple — that will always be true.  The prob­lem is that so few peo­ple in soci­ety as a whole have any qual­i­ty of horse­hock­ey fil­ter.

The stat­ed goal of pub­lic edu­ca­tion is to pre­pare each child for the life of a cit­i­zen.  In gen­er­al­ly avoid­ing class­es in civics, they have failed this task. The Huff­in­g­ton Post has a good primer on the sub­ject of pub­lic school pol­i­cy.

How did we get here, or more per­ti­nent­ly, how do we get out.  For good or for ill, large groups of politi­cians and vot­ers dis­trust sci­en­tists.  Has the dai­ly bar­rage of issues become to fierce for san­er heads pre­vail­ing in inves­ti­ga­tion and debate?  How did it come that argu­ing about right and wrong was not enough for some to invent new “facts” so as to be able to argue about what is truth?

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Rack of Lamb: Moroccan Spice

Moroccan Rack of Lamb on Plate

Moroc­can Rack of Lamb on Plate

A lit­tle cook­ing diver­sion: A Moroc­can Spiced Rack of Lamb.  I have some more stand-mix­er bak­ing to do, but my most recent attempt was lack-lus­ter.  More about that when I get it right.  This arti­cle is about our new year’s eve meal.  I want­ed to do some­thing fair­ly spe­cial withtout being too expen­sive.  As the­se “french cut” rack-of-lambs were on spe­cial, they fit the bill.

A stock attempt at lamb … rose­mary, may­be some dill, olive oil … it seemed below the­se won­der­ful cuts.  I spent some time talk­ing with my sis­ter about this and she google-texted me a recipe from some­where — I can’t exact­ly tell, but it sound­ed won­der­ful.  How­ev­er, it was new years eve and it want­ed pome­gran­ate juice.  I don’t keep that around.  Look­ing at the recipe, I decid­ed that the juice was used for it’s sweet­ness.  I decid­ed to sub­sti­tute “Water­loo Dark” … which is a Cana­di­an beer with a sweet almost can­dy-like taste.  I also had some “Mad Tom IPA” that I’ve been try­ing to find recipes to get rid of it in — but it has a decid­ed­ly bit­ter fin­ish, so I expect­ed it wouldn’t be appro­pri­ate here.  While I don’t like Mad Tom, Muskoka Cream Ale is the defin­i­tive Cream Ale for me. Con­tin­ue read­ing

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Stand-Mixer #2 White Bread

Stand-Mixer White Bread

Stand-Mix­er White Bread

Since the stand-mix­er cheese bis­cuits were such an unqual­i­fied suc­cess, we man­aged to pick up some yeast to facil­i­tate some bread mak­ing.  First up is some “plain old” white bread.  Besides the fact that I am actu­al­ly white, ango-sax­on and (some­what) protes­tant (depend­ing on who you ask), I real­ly enjoy fresh white bread.  It’s like sug­ar or a good light beer; melt but­ter on hot fresh white bread and it’s an expe­ri­ence.

Right after I removed the bread from the oven, I cut off the crust, but­tered it and cut it in half to share with my wife.  In part, this cements the use­ful­ness of the stand-mix­er in the kitchen; and it part it also cements it use­ful that I use it to make yum­my things.  The crust on a fresh­ly hot loaf is crunchy and won­der­ful.  You should try it when you make it! Con­tin­ue read­ing

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Stand-Mixer #1 Cheese Biscuits

Stand-Mixer Made Cheese Biscuits Cooling

Stand-Mix­er Made Cheese Bis­cuits Cool­ing

I will write a sep­a­rate arti­cle with my thoughts on my Stand-Mix­er and Stand-Mix­ers in gen­er­al, but right now I’m quite excit­ed to write a few short arti­cles about the won­der­ful things I’ve made with the Stand-Mix­er; the very first of which are Cheese Bis­cuits.

I got my Stand-Mix­er for Christ­mas and we cel­e­brat­ed Christ­mas on Christ­mas Eve (due to sched­ul­ing con­flicts of the fam­i­ly). This meant I was at home on Christ­mas Day with my new Stand-Mix­er and I had no yeast (why would I have yeast — it’s per­ish­able and I had not here-to-fore been bak­ing). I choose bis­cuits as my first project because I had all the ingre­di­ents (and the stores were most def­i­nite­ly closed). Con­tin­ue read­ing

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